Dual Loyalties

My opinion on the people who shape our world

Friday, March 18, 2005

Mmegi Online ::> World Bank nominee does not inspire confidence

Mmegi Online ::> news we need to know: "confidence

3/18/2005 4:08:01 PM (GMT +2)

The nomination of Paul Wolfowitz as World Bank head by United States President George Bush raises critical issues about the independence of the institution and its ability to give development loans to countries that do not conform to the Americanisation of the world.

However, the nomination does not come as a surprise given the fact that Wolfowitz is one of the architects of the US war in Iraq. He is cut from the same cloth as the likes of US Vice President Dick Chenney and Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, and former Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage - the kingpins in the Bush agenda to Americanise the world and eliminate non-conformists. Though Wolfowitz lacks experience in finance and development, his sole credential for securing his country’s nomination for this job is that he shares Bush’s vision of spreading America’s hegemony. The Bush people call it spreading democracy. Democracy is not a bad thing. But it becomes reprehensible when it is prescribed by and from America - and enforced by American marines. The American prescription of democracy sees everything only through the American way of doing things. The US should take serious note of the fact that the world is not a monolithic entity. It should appreciate the different attributes of countries and promote mutual coexistence. Wolfowitz belongs to the ultra-conservatives who believe in absolute Americanisation of the world. This lot believes that anything to the contrary should be eliminated by might. It is clear that the White House intends to use the World Bank to spread its influence. If that is the prevailing thinking, then countries such as Iran that are deemed by the US as part of an “axis of evil” would surely not get loans from the American-led World Bank. The criteria for a country to qualify for loans would be purely based on whether the country tows the American line. Another sad day for the world."

U.S. Pressures Pakistan on details of Khan' deal with Iran

U.S. seeks info on Khan supplies to Iran - (United Press International): "U.S. seeks info on Khan supplies to Iran

By Anwar Iqbal
UPI South Asian Affairs Analyst

Washington, DC, Mar. 18 (UPI) -- The United States has asked Pakistan to provide a detailed list of nuclear equipment a renegade Pakistani scientist is believed to have provided to Iran, diplomatic sources told United Press International.

The sources said U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice also discussed this issue with Pakistani leaders when she visited Islamabad earlier this week.

The Bush administration says that Iran is secretly working on a project to develop nuclear weapons. Iran denies the charge and says it wants to use its nuclear program to produce energy.

Last week, President George W. Bush offered to allow Iran to join the World Trade Organization and lift a sanction on buying aircraft spares if it agrees to abandon its nuclear program. But Iran rejected the offer as "too little, too late."

Iran says that it was developing nuclear technology for nuclear power, not weapons.

"I think this subject came up," said a State Department official when asked if Rice had discussed the Iranian nuclear issue with the Pakistanis during her visit. "We continue to work very closely with the Pakistanis on investigating all aspects of Abdul Qadeer Khan's activities," said the official, referring to the scientist who until recently headed Pakistan's nuclear program.

In February 2004, Khan confessed to selling nuclear technology to Iran, Libya and North Korea and has since been placed under house arrest in Pakistan. His popularity as the father of Pakistan's nuclear bomb prevented the Pakistani government from sending him to prison.

Pakistan also has refused to allow international experts to interrogate Khan but Rice told her Senate confirmation hearing in January that U.S. nuclear experts have indirectly interrogated Khan, providing their questions to Pakistani authorities holding the disgraced scientist. "And we are satisfied" with the answers the Pakistanis bring back, she said.

Explaining this point, the State Department official said, "The information Pakistan has provided to us has been important to our own global efforts to dismantle this network."

Asked why the Pakistanis should provide answers that could embarrass them, the official said, "We believe that Pakistan takes seriously its commitment to dismantle the A.Q. Khan network."

Diplomatic sources told UPI that originally Rice had not planned to raise this issue during her first visit to Pakistan as secretary of state but the public statements of a Pakistani federal minister forced her to do so.

Days before her visit, Pakistan's Information Minister Shaik Rashid Ahmed told reporters in Islamabad that Khan also has confessed to selling centrifuge components to Iran. Centrifuges are used for converting uranium into nuclear fuel and can also be used for enriching weapon-grade uranium.

When UPI asked a State Department official how the U.S. administration would respond to an open confession like this, he said: "We are looking into it."

A senior South Asian diplomat, who asked not to be identified, said by making that statement, the Pakistanis made it "difficult for Rice not to raise the issue during her visit."

But a Pakistani political commentator and editor of Lahore Daily Times newspaper, Najam Sethi, said, "This was a carefully rehearsed statement and the Americans must have demanded this before Rice's visit." Sethi noted that the statement came just after India made a rare admission of U.S. pressure over a $4 billion project to pipe Iranian gas to India through Pakistan.

"I think the Americans are tightening the noose and trying to make sure that Iran is not helped by India or Pakistan in any way, because they know the Iranians are desperate to get projects like the gas pipeline," Sethi said. "Now is the time to lean on the Iranians and tell their friends to stay at arms length until the nuclear issue is resolved," he said.

Later, some Indian newspapers reported that the Khan network's involvement with Iran is much deeper than Pakistan is acknowledging and Rice told the Pakistanis when she met them in Islamabad earlier this week that they would have to come clean on this issue if they want F-16 fighter jets from the United States.

But a State Department official told UPI in Washington that Khan network's links to Iran "is an issue that stands on its own, and we intend to continue working closely with Pakistan."

Pakistan wants to buy up to 70 F-16 aircraft from the United States and during her visit Rice discussed the possibility of selling the planes to both India and Pakistan. India has shown some interest in purchasing the planes but is also negotiating with the French, Russians and Swedish to buy their planes. It is not clear if the United States will still sell the planes to Pakistan if India declines to buy them.

While publicly the Americans are not linking their military aid to Pakistan with the Iranian nuclear dispute, reports appearing the Pakistani and Indian newspapers indicate that they are extremely concerned over what Khan might have provided to Iran.

Pakistani intelligence sources told UPI that the Americans believe that Khan has provided much more than "just blueprints" he admitted in his confession last year.

According to these sources, the Americans have told Pakistanis they believe Khan gave Iran "a complete package" for making a nuclear bomb, which includes centrifuges and other materials needed for this purpose.

They want us to retrieve "complete details of this package and send it to Washington," said a senior Pakistani official who did not want to be identified."

Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: User Home Pages: Harold Rhode's Family Home Page

Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: User Home Pages: Harold Rhode's Family Home Page: "Our family came to the United States during the late 19th century and early 20th centuries.

During the late 18th and most of the 19th centuries, we lived in what is today northern Lithuania and southern Latvia. The family name was pronounced RO-deh, in Europe, and are Israelites. Our ancestors constantly intermarried with the Sochen AKA Shohen family which are Kohanim. Though we do not know exactly how we came to that area, there is a story in our family that we owned land under the Swedish king, but lost it when the Russians captured the area, because the Russians did not allow Jews to own land. The Russians captured that area from the Swedes around 1700, which means our ancestors must have lived there before that time.

As the attached tree indicates, we are related to other families bearing this name from that area as well. These families either stayed there, or immigrated to South Africa, and other places in the US, and a few to Israel. We hope, with time, to learn how all of these families are interrelated.

NAME MEANING: According to Alexander Beider, the emminent scholar of Jewish names, RO-deh comes from the female name Rhoda.


Harold Rhode's Family Home Page
Updated December 5, 2004

Harold Rhode
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